The activities of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan
An important element of the political system of Kazakhstan, strengthens interests of all ethnic groups, to ensure the strict observe of the rights and freedoms of citizens irrespective of their ethnic affiliation became the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan, created March 1st, 1995 on the initiative of the President of the country N.A. Nazarbayev.
The idea of creation was announced by the President of Kazakhstan in 1992 at the first Forum of People of Kazakhstan. Activities of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan is aimed at implementation of the state national policy, ensuring socio-political stability in the country and improving the efficiency of cooperation between state institutions and civil society in the sphere of interethnic relations.
The Assembly today is a constitutional body headed by its Chairman - the President of the country, the guarantor of the Constitution. This is determines its special high status. The legal status of the Assembly defined the special Law "About the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan," "Regulations of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan," which regulates the procedure for the formation, structure and controls, defined objectives, main tasks, activities of the authority of the APK, and features of the organization of interaction with the public bodies and public associations, mechanisms for participation in the development and implementation of state policy in the sphere of interethnic relations.
The highest authority is the Assembly session, which passes by the President of the country. All its decisions are binding for consideration by public authorities and civil society institutions. The Assembly of People of Kazakhstan - a constitutional body. One of the main features of the Assembly is the representation of the interests of ethnic groups in the highest legislative body - the Parliament of the country as a guaranteed representation. Assembly elects nine deputies of Mazhilis of the Parliament. Elected Assembly deputies represent its interests, as a set of interests of all the ethnic groups of the country.
The working body is the Secretariat of the Assembly of Peoples of Kazakhstan in the structure of the Presidential Administration as a separate department. This is and effectiveness, and efficiency of its participation in government and public relations. Also the structure of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan includes: Scientific-Expert Council of the APK; Club of journalists and experts on ethnic relations in the APK; Public Fund "Fund of the APK"; Methodical center of innovative technologies of language training "Tildaryn"; Association of Entrepreneurs of the APK. Operates 88 schools where teaching is conducted entirely in Uzbek, Tajik, Uighur and Ukrainian languages. In 108 schools the languages of 22 ethnic groups of Kazakhstan are taught as a separate subject. In addition, there are 195 specialized linguistic centers, where not only children but also adults can learn languages of 30 ethnic groups.
In all regions functioning The House of Friendship, which are located in regions with a multiethnic composition of the population. In Almaty city there is a "House of Friendship", in Astana – The Palace of Peace and Accord, which is built on the instructions of the Head of country. It hosts the annual session of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan, Congresses of World and Traditional Religions, landmark events. Besides Kazakh and Russian theaters, the country has four national theaters - Uzbek, Uighur, Korean and German.
A special place in the field of ethno-cultural relations in the Republic of Kazakhstan devoted to supporting the development of information and communication resources of ethno-cultural associations. In the information field are actively working for more than 35 ethnic newspapers and magazines. The largest ethnic 6 national newspapers operate under government support. Newspapers and magazines are available for 11 different languages, radio programs - on 8, and TV shows on the 7 languages.