ON APPROVAL OF THE CONCEPT OF STRENGTHENING AND DEVELOPING KAZAKH IDENTITY AND UNITY
On approval of the concept of strengthening and development
of Kazakhstan's identity and unity:
I HEREBY RESOLVE
1. Approve the enclosed Concept of strengthening and development of Kazakhstan’s identity and unity.
2. This Decree enters into force on the date of its signing.
of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev
Akorda, Astana, December 28, 2015
Republic of Kazakhstan
from 28 December 2015
of strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity
1. Passport 3
2. Introduction 3
3. Situation analysis 4
4. World practice in the sphere of formation of identity and unity 7
5. Purpose and objectives of the Concept 9
6. Mechanisms for implementation of the Concept 10
7. Expected results 12
Name: Concept of strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity.
Main developer: Ministry of culture and sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Assembly of people of Kazakhstan (more – National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Commission on human rights under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Commissioner for human rights in the Republic of Kazakhstan, National Commission on women and family and demographic policy under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan Institute of Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Association of sociologists of Kazakhstan, Congress of political scientists of Kazakhstan, Association of legal entities "Civil Alliance of Kazakhstan", National movement " Kazakhstan - 2050", Public Association "Сlub of chief editors of Kazakhstan", "Union of writers of Kazakhstan" and other creative unions were involved in the development.
Main performers: APK, Central state and local executive bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Republican state institution "Kogamdyk kelisim" under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Association of UNESCO and APK chairs on the basis of universities, civil society institutions (by agreement).
Implementation period: 2015 - 2025.
The need to develop the Concept of strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity (hereinafter – the Concept) is due to the objectives of "Kazakhstan - 2050" Strategy: a new political course of the established state", as well as the fourth direction "Identity and unity" of the national Plan of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev "100 concrete steps: a modern state for everyone" to form a nation of a common future.
The concept is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the laws of the Republic of Kazakhstan "On the Assembly of people of Kazakhstan", "On education", "On languages", "On culture", the Concept of formation of the state identity of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Doctrine of national unity of Kazakhstan, the concept of development of APK.
The concept is based on the following main principles:
1.basic vector – patriotic national idea "Mangilik El" put forward by the President of the country N. Nazarbayev;
2.consolidating values of the national patriotic idea " Mangilik El – civil equality, diligence, honesty, the cult of learning and education, secular country;
3.foundation of Kazakhstan's identity and unity-national values based on cultural, ethnic, linguistic and religious diversity;
4.Kazakhstan's identity and unity is a continuous generational process. It is based on the fact that every citizen, regardless of ethnic origin, connects fate and future with Kazakhstan. One the past, a collaborative present and a shared responsibility for the future society as one: "We have one country, one Motherland — the Independent Kazakhstan". Awareness of this choice is the main unifying principle.
Suggestions of state bodies and non-governmental organizations, clerisy were taken into account at development of Concept. The concept was discussed in all regions of Kazakhstan.
The concept serves as the basis for the adoption of a system of legal, socio-economic, political, administrative measures aimed at strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity.
Secretariat of APK presents an annual report to the Head of state on the work of the Central state and local Executive bodies on the implementation of this Concept, as well as the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El".
3. Situation analysis
Kazakhstan was established as an independent and democratic state. The country has created all the necessary political, legal, socio-economic, cultural and moral foundations of Kazakhstan's identity and unity.
First, since independence, the First President – Leader of the Nation N. Nazarbayev consistently pursues a policy of state-building.
The law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated December 16, 1991 "On state independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan" became the fundamental document that determined the nature of new independent Kazakhstan, values and priorities of the country's development.
On June 4, 1992 The state symbols of the Republic of Kazakhstan – Flag, Emblem and Anthem were approved.
The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 30 August 1995 guaranteed the equality of the rights of all citizens irrespective of race, ethnic, religious and social affiliation.
The Constitution enshrined the civil principle of building Kazakhstan's identity and unity of the people on the basis of recognition of ethnic, linguistic, cultural and religious diversity.
The Constitution approved the concepts of social harmony, political stability and patriotism of Kazakhstan.
Astana, the new capital of Kazakhstan, has become a landmark symbol of the formation of Kazakhstan's identity and unity.
Secondly, today Kazakhstan has successfully implemented a unique model of public consent and national unity. Its author and architect is President N. Nazarbayev.
APK Institute successfully works for consolidation of multi-ethnic and multi-confessional society.
APK plays a key role in strengthening Kazakhstan's identity and unity, it is a constitutional body that ensures stability and harmony in society.
Since 2007, APK delegates its representatives to the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The status of the APK is fixed by the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of October 20, 2008 "On the Assembly of people of Kazakhstan".
A system of support and development of culture, language and traditions of all ethnicities living in Kazakhstan has been built.
In all regions, there are more than 900 ethnic and cultural associations, 192 ethnic and educational complexes and friendship houses.
Scientific and Expert Council of the APK and the scientific expert groups in the regions, councils of public consent of the APK, Mothers’ Council, Mediation Center of APK, Journalists Club of APK, APK department, APK Entrepreneurs Association are making a significant contribution to the strengthening and development of Kazakh identity and unity.
Republican state institution "Kogamdyk kelisim" under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan was established to ensure activity of APK.
Similar structures have been created at the offices of akims of regions, Almaty and Astana.
Anchoring principles of unity and consent are formulated as "Unity in diversity", "One country — one destiny".
Third, there is a balanced state language policy.
Head of state N. Nazarbayev repeatedly noted that it is necessary to make all efforts for further development of Kazakh language, which is the main factor in the unification of all Kazakhs. At the same time, it is necessary to create favorable conditions for representatives of all ethnicities living in the country to be able to speak freely, to study in their native language, to develop it.
State programs of functioning and development of languages, education and science till 2020 are implemented.
Head of state N. Nazarbayev in the State of the Nation Address from 2007 "New Kazakhstan in the new world" marked the development of trilingual education in Kazakh, Russian and English as the key to the consolidation of society, the growth of its competitiveness.
Fourthly, the principles of the society of Universal Labor as a benchmark of social modernization of Kazakhstan's society are developed.
In the Program article of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev "Social modernization of Kazakhstan: 20 steps to the society of Universal Labor" from 2012, labor in the conditions of global competition is designated as the main factor in achieving social well-being, ensuring the formation of the middle class as a guarantor of stability.
In the Address of the Head of State dated November 11, 2014 "Nurly Zhol — way to the future" the priorities of further development of the economy and social sphere, aimed at improving the quality and productivity of labor are specified.
Fifth, "Kazakhstan-2050" Strategy defines the principles of new Kazakhstan patriotism, which is marked by an important condition for the country's entry into the number of 30 developed countries.
Foundation of the new Kazakhstan patriotism is the equality of all citizens and their common responsibility for the successful development of Kazakhstan.
Sixth, in the State of the Nation Address of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev national patriotic idea "Mangilik El" was put forward to the people of Kazakhstan in 2014 "Kazakhstan's way – 2050: common goal, common interests, common future".
National Patriotic idea "Mangilik El" is a system of values that form Kazakhstan's identity and unity, social consent.
First. Independence of Kazakhstan and Astana.
Second. National unity, peace and consent in our society. Civil equality is the foundation of a successful and sustainable state.
Third. Secular society and high spirituality.
Fourth. Economic growth based on industrialization and innovation.
Fifth. A society of Universal Labor, where the values of hard work, honesty, the cult of learning and education are the Foundation of well-being.
Sixth. Common history, culture and language.
Seventh. National security and active participation of our country in solving global and regional problems.
Today, Kazakhstan has entered a qualitatively new stage of development and strengthening of Kazakhstan's identity and unity.
The transition to a new stage of state building is determined by five institutional reforms put forward by President Nazarbayev N. Ah.
The goal of the new stage is to form a nation of a common future.
Modern trends in the development of the global economy and world politics give rise to new challenges and risks.
One of the key directions of the state policy in these conditions is the consolidation of the nation, which can be most effectively implemented on a civil basis.
President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N. Nazarbayev laid the main directions for the formation of the nation:
1) basic core - Kazakhstan's identity on the principle of citizenship and national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El";
2) affirmation of national values of the rule of law;
3) strengthening interfaith harmony;
4) middle class-the basis for the formation of Kazakhstan's identity and unity;
5) formation of effective social elevators for all citizens of Kazakhstan without any differences and restrictions;
6) development of language trininty: Kazakh, Russian and English.
Kazakhstan's identity is based on a system of equal opportunities for personal and professional growth, guarantees of security for themselves and their children, quality of life, stability.
The formation of the nation of the common future is based on the effective implementation of all five institutional reforms of the National Plan "100 concrete steps: a modern state for everyone" and includes:
1.formation of professional state apparatus (meritocracy, transparent social lifts, high-quality public services for citizens);
2.rule of law (fair justice, equal rights, professional and transparent police, "zero tolerance" for offences);
3.industrialization and economic growth (strengthening the middle class, expanding opportunities for small and medium-sized businesses, new jobs, a favorable business climate);
4.transparent and accountable state (accountability of the state apparatus to society, local self-government, public councils, open decision-making, civic participation).
In general, the development and strengthening of Kazakhstan's identity and unity is due to the logic of the new stage of state construction and is based on the model of peace and consent of N. Nazarbayev.
4. World practice in the sphere of formation
civil identity and unity
World practice shows the diverse experience of identity and unity formation.
The study of international experience, in particular, the countries of the Organization for economic cooperation and development (hereinafter — OECD), shows that in the modern world there are no uniform standards in the field of strengthening and development of identity and unity.
Reference points are international documents: the United Nations universal Declaration of human rights (hereinafter – UN) (1948), the UN Convention on the elimination of all forms of racial discrimination (1965), UN international covenants on civil and political rights, on economic, social and cultural rights (1966), UN Declaration on the rights of persons belonging to national or ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities (1992), recommendations of the Organization for security and cooperation in Europe and the Council of Europe.
Kazakhstan has ratified more than 180 international documents in the field of socio-cultural and humanitarian development.
General basic directions of ethnic policy of OECD countries, which are implemented in Kazakhstan:
1.prohibition of discrimination and full equality before the law;
2.strengthening the spirit of cultural diversity, especially through education, as well as the inadmissibility of the identification of terrorism and extremism with any religion, culture, ethnic group;
3.ensuring the right of ethnic groups to enjoy their culture, to profess their religion, to use their native language, and the inadmissibility of forced assimilation;
4.participation of all ethnic groups in public affairs;
5.ensuring access of ethnic groups to television and radio broadcasting, support of print media in ethnic languages.
In OECD countries, public policy in the field of identity and unity is based on specific factors – meritocracy, transparent work of the professional state apparatus, the rule of law, efficient economy, state accountability, quality of life.
In Kazakhstan, this work is provided by the National Plan "100 concrete steps: a modern state for everyone".
The following experience of OECD countries will be implemented in realization of the Concept:
1.in the field of development of non-governmental organizations — hereinafter-NGOs) - public discussion of projects, programs; the use of Internet technologies for the development of public monitoring; grant support to NGOs; development of charity;
2.in the field of education – the introduction of a three-component language learning framework; the implementation of effective educational technologies in the field of education and training;
3.in the area of improving youth policy — the modernization of the work of youth councils and youth resource centers on the experience of OECD member countries; introduction of international experience on the development of the annual National report "Youth of Kazakhstan»;
4.in the field of sports-the formation of modern scientific potential of the industry; further development of cooperation between Kazakhstan and international sports organizations; improvement of methods of work with children and youth; training and development of sports reserve; introduction of new specialties in the standards of higher education.
In addition, the OECD experience will be implemented in such projects as: modernization of cultural policy, media sphere, interaction with organizations of compatriots living abroad, as well as museums; creation of films and TV projects; formation and promotion of national and regional brands at home and abroad; formation of a healthy nation; international experience in the study of consolidating values.
5. Purpose and objectives of the Concept
The purpose of the Concept is to strengthen and develop Kazakhstan's identity and unity based on the principle of citizenship and values of the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El".
Objectives of the Concept:
1.creation of a unified system of government bodies at all levels and institutions of civil society for the strengthening and development of Kazakh identity and unity on the principle of citizenship, the new Kazakhstan patriotism on the basis of the values of national Patriotic ideas of “Mangilik El”;
2.formation of the generation "Mangilik El", United around the strategic goals of the country's development, educated on the principles of Kazakhstan's identity and unity, the new Kazakhstan patriotism;
3.formation of a society of labor and professionals, which cultivates values such as family, friendship, unity, as well as hard work, honesty, learning and education, trilingualism;
4.implementation by the Central state and local Executive bodies of state programs and projects aimed at strengthening the historical memory and spiritual and cultural heritage of the people, as well as measures to develop the secular nature of the state, based on the principles of spiritual unity of Kazakhstan society;
5.creation of a mechanism for monitoring, reporting and control of the activities of the Central state and local Executive bodies to implement the activities of the Concept, as well as the priorities of the formation of the nation of the common future.
The system of strengthening Kazakhstan's identity and unity is built on the basis of cooperation between the state, civil society institutions and citizens in the following areas:
1.science and education;
2.culture, literature, arts, sports, tourism;
4.NGOs, political parties;
5.business and social entrepreneurship;
All work on strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity will be built under the auspices of the APK and around the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El" in the following vectors.
First. Identity on the principle of citizenship.
Second. Promotion of the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El" - a system of values that reflect the experience of the nation for the years of independence.
Third. Trinity of languages.
Fourth. Building "Mangilik El" generation.
Implementation of the Concept is based on the principles of consistency, vertical and horizontal relationship of social institutions, government, non-governmental sector, business structures and citizens of the country.
6. Mechanisms for implementation of the Concept
To achieve the goals and objectives of the Concept will be implemented in the following areas.
1. National Patriotic idea "Mangilik El".
It will ensure the consolidation of the values of the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El" in the public consciousness and culture, public administration, education and upbringing.
2. National project "Big country – big family".
Implementation of a complex of social, information, scientific and educational projects aimed at strengthening Kazakhstan's identity and unity and the formation of the Nation's common future.
Among the priority projects: children and youth cultural and educational project "Generation +"; creation of a national calendar of holidays; modernization of the system of use of state symbols; further dissemination of the successful experience of individual regions in the formation of cultural and tourist clusters and ethnic villages; development of charity and mediation under the auspices of APK, as well as the public consent councils of the APK as institutions of public control; new Concept of the development of APK.
The result of the project will be a new vector of development of the APK, which will be the coordinator of charitable activities and mechanisms of public control and mediation.
3. National project "Menin Elim".
It is planned to modernize the Concept of cultural policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, including in the field of literature, theater, music, choreography, performing and circus arts. Development and implementation of the Concept of development of physical culture and sports until 2025.
Priority attention will be paid to strengthening family relations, moral, ethical and spiritual and moral values on the basis of the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El".
It is planned to introduce a new format of work with the world Association of Kazakhs.
The national plan for the development of NGOs in the Republic of Kazakhstan will improve the efficiency of interaction between the state and NGOs in the framework of social modernization of society.
The formation and promotion of national and regional brands will contribute to the growth of recognition and popularity of Kazakhstan in the world.
The large-scale Internet project "encyclopedia of Kazakhstan" will become a country guide and a platform for virtual communication.
Modernization of the formats of the leading Kazakhstan museums will make them the centers of social events of the society.
4. National project to promote the idea of universal labor society.
Work in conditions of global competition is the main factor in achieving social well-being.
Special projects will be implemented to promote the success stories of Kazakhstanis and increase the prestige of the person working.
5. National project "Nurly bolashak".
The main goal of the project is successful socialization of young people and improvement of patriotic education at the new stage of state-building in the framework of the second stage of the Concept of state youth policy until 2020.
The introduction of the values of the national patriotic idea "Mangilik El" in the curriculum will educate the younger generation in the spirit of the new Kazakhstan patriotism.
In order to introduce trilingual education, a special Road map will be implemented, state programs for the development and functioning of languages and the development of education and science until 2020 will be modernized, and an information Plan of events for the promotion of trilingual education will be implemented. National center for the study of Kazakh values will be established.
6. National information project to promote the Nation's common future.
New conceptual approaches to the modernization and further development of the domestic media will be introduced, the information campaign "Nation of the common future" and the media plan "100 steps to the future" will be implemented.
Implementation of all areas of the National Plan "100 concrete steps: a modern state for everyone", a website "100kadam.kz" operates for media support.
As part of the special comprehensive plan "Mangilik El", it is planned to create films, TV series and programs about the history and historical figures, Kazakh culture and modern life of the country.
Stages of implementation of the Concept.
1.2015 - 2020:
1.improvement of legislation on APK;
2.further development of the system of public consent councils in the country;
3.formation of a system of mediation of the ANC and ANC charity;
4.formation of public control system;
5.modernization of legislation and introduction of new forms of state support for NGOs (grants and awards).
2.2021 - 2025:
1.completion of the transition of the education system to trilingualism;
2.increasing the participation of NGOs in local government;
3.improving the formation of the system of public control in the country;
4.affirmation of the values of "Mangilik El" as the basis of society's culture;
5.creation of conditions for strengthening of new Kazakhstan patriotism;
6.development and strengthening of mechanisms and infrastructure of the sphere of identity and socialization of the younger generation.
7. Expected result
Effective implementation of the Concept will foster the systemic development of the concept of the unified Nation of the future will ensure the successful promotion model of Nursultan Nazarbayev.. and approval of its permanence.
First. New attitudes and basic concepts of the Nation of the common future will be formed in the public consciousness:
1. nation of universal culture and progress;
2. intellectual nation;
3. nation of labor and professionals;
4. innovative nation;
5. healthy lifestyle nation.
Second. It will ensure the achievement of practical results in the strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity on the principle of citizenship.
In the field of improving the work of state bodies and APK:
1. development of new functional areas of APK as a coordinator of the work of state bodies of all levels and institutions of civil society in the field of strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity, coordination of charity, development of mediation and public control;
2. creation of a mechanism of interdepartmental coordination and interaction of state bodies at all levels and civil society institutions to implement the activities of the "Identity and unity" direction of the national Plan “100 concrete steps: a modern state for everyone”;
3. introduction of a new mechanism for monitoring, reporting and control of the activities of the Central state and local Executive bodies in the field of strengthening and development of Kazakhstan's identity and unity, social harmony;
4. modernization of the system of Central state and local Executive bodies, civil society to strengthen Kazakhstan's identity and unity on the principle of citizenship and values of the national Patriotic idea "Mangilik El" as the basis of the Nation's common future;
5. formation of a new infrastructure of institutions to strengthen social harmony and unity of the people.
In the field of culture, education, youth, family demographic and gender policy:
1. promotion of basic concepts and approaches to the formation of a new Kazakhstan patriotism as the basis of the Nation's common future;
2. modernization of infrastructure and conditions for the development of trilingualism, as the main condition for improving the competitiveness of the nation;
3. modernization of work in the field of education and youth policy on the principles of new Kazakhstan patriotism, Kazakhstan's identity and unity;
4. modernization of family-demographic and gender policy, its value basis to strengthen the institution of family, values of motherhood and childhood;
5. new strategic approaches to the development of culture, tourism and sports as segments of the economy and social employment;
6. popularization of mass physical culture and sports, healthy lifestyle, development of national and Olympic sports and growth of sports achievements of the country in the international arena.
The main result of the implementation of the Concept will be the further strengthening of social harmony, Kazakhstan's identity and unity, the formation of the Nation of a common future for the successful entry of Kazakhstan into the 30 most developed countries of the world.